NZ Bird Species List

Here is a full listing of New Zealand bird species with notes on where they may be found.

Common name
Population
Status
Where found
Northern brown kiwi 35,000 Uncommon Northland, Tawharanui, Marsden Cross Kerikeri
Okarito brown kiwi (Rowi) 350 Rare Okarito
Southern brown kiwi 35,000 Uncommon Fiordland
Little spotted kiwi 1,500 Rare Karori Sanctuary, Kapiti Island
Great spotted kiwi 17,000 Uncommon NW Nelson, Arthurs Pass
Australian Crested Grebe 350 Uncommon Lake Pearson, Lake Forsyth, Lake Alexandrina, Lake Heron
Dabchick (NZ Grebe) Uncommon Otaki oxidations ponds, Mangere sewerage ponds, NI lakes
Hoary headed grebe Vagrant  Lake Elterwater
Australasian little grebe
150
Rare Lakes Ototoa, Kerata, Rotokawau, Ngatu.  Ormiston Rd near Waipu.
Snowy (Wandering) albatross Uncommon  Sub-antarctic Is
Gibsons (Wandering) albatross 26,000 Locally common Kaikoura
Antipodean (Wandering) albatross Rare  Sub-antarctic Is
Southern Royal Albatross 17,500 Locally common Kaikoura
Northern Royal Albatross 17,000 Locally common Tairoa head, Chatham Islands
Laysan Albatross Vagrant
Black browed Albatross 150,000 Common Kaikoura, Cook Strait
Campbell Albatross Common Campbell Island
Bullers Albatross 64,000 Common Kaikoura, Cook Strait
White-capped Albatross 150,000 Common Kaikoura, Cook Strait
Salvins Albatross 26,000 Common Kaikoura
Chatham Island Albatross Rare Chatham Islands
Atlantic yellow-nosed Albatross Vagrant
Indian yellow-nosed Albatross Uncommon
Grey-headed Albatross Locally common
Sooty Albatross Vagrant
Light mantled Sooty Albatross Uncommon NI west coast
Corys shearwater Vagrant
Streaked shearwater Vagrant (One NZ record 2006)
Pink-footed shearwater Vagrant
Flesh-footed shearwater 150,000 Common Hauraki gulf
Wedge-tailed shearwater Locally common Northland
Bullers shearwater 2,500,000 Common Widespread at sea
Sooty shearwater 3,000,000 Common Widespread at sea
Short-tailed shearwater Common Widespread at sea
Great shearwater Vagrant (3 NZ records)
Christmas Island shearwater Vagrant
Manx shearwater Vagrant
Fluttering shearwater 100,000 Common Cook strait, Hauraki gulf, coastal waters around NZ
Huttons shearwater 180,000 Locally common Kaikouras, Cook strait
Little shearwater Common Out at sea, sedentary
Subantarctic Little shearwater Locally common Chathams and South Atlantic
Newells shearwater Vagrant
Common diving petrel Common Cook strait
South Georgian diving petrel Rare
Grey petrel Uncommon
Black (Parkinsons) petrel Uncommon Little/Great Barrier
Westland petrel 4,000 Uncommon Cook Strait
White-chinned petrel 7,000,000 Uncommon South of Foveaux strait
Bulwers petrel Vagrant
Tahiti petrel Vagrant
Kerguelen petrel Uncommon
Snow petrel Locally common
Cape petrel (pigeon) 2,000,000 Common Kaikoura, Cook Strait
Antarctic petrel Locally common Antarctic
Antarctic fulmar Locally common
Southern giant petrel 97,000 Common Kaikoura
Northern giant petrel 20,000 Common Kaikoura
Fairy prion 5,000,000 Common Cook strait
Fulmar prion Locally common Southern islands
Thin-billed prion Common
Antarctic prion Locally common
Salvin’s prion Locally common
Broad-billed prion Common Foveaux Strait
Blue petrel Uncommon
Stejneger’s petrel Vagrant
Pycroft’s petrel Rare Little/Great Barrier
New Caledonian (Gould’s) petrel Uncommon
Cook’s petrel Uncommon Little/Great Barrier, Hauraki gulf
Black-winged petrel Common
Chatham Island petrel Rare Chatham Islands
Mottled petrel Common South Island
White-naped petrel Uncommon Kermadecs
Juan Fernandez petrel Vagrant
Phoenix petrel Vagrant
Kermadec petrel Locally common Kermadecs
Providence petrel Vagrant
Grey-faced (Great-winged) petrel Common Kaikoura
Chatham Island Taiko (Magenta petrel) 150 Rare Chathams
White-headed petrel Locally common Out at sea
Soft-plumaged petrel Uncommon Southern oceans
Leach’s storm petrel Vagrant
Wilson’s storm petrel Locally common Antarctic
Kermadec storm petrel Uncommon Kermadec Islands
NZ storm petrel Rare Hauraki gulf
Grey-backed storm petrel Locally common Southern oceans
NZ White-faced storm petrel Common Hauraki gulf
Black-bellied storm petrel Locally common Southern islands
White-bellied storm petrel Rare Kermadecs
Emperor penguin Uncommon Antarctic
King penguin Uncommon Antarctic
Yellow-eyed penguin 4,000 Uncommon Katiki Point, Sandfly bay, Pohatu bay, Curio bay, Roaring bay
Gentoo penguin Vagrant
Adelie penguin Locally common
Chinstrap penguin Rare Antarctic
Little penguin Common Cook Strait
White Flippered Penguin (Little penguin sub-species) 7,500 Locally common Akaroa peninsula
Western rockhopper penguin Vagrant
Eastern rockhopper penguin Locally common Southern islands
Moseley’s rockhopper penguin Vagrant
Macaroni penguin Vagrant   Subantarctic Is
Royal penguin Vagrant  Subantarctic Is
Fiordland (NZ) crested penguin 5,000 Rare Fiordland, Monro Beach, Stewart Island
Snares crested penuin Locally common Snares Is
Erect-crested penguin Locally common Bounty/Antipodes
Magellanic penguin Vagrant
Red-tailed tropicbird Rare Kermadecs, Norfolk Is
White-tailed tropicbird Vagrant
Australian pelican Rare/Vagrant  Kaipara harbour
Cape gannet Vagrant
Australasian gannet Common Widespread round coastline
Brown booby Vagrant Tropics north of NZ; Muriwai gannet colony
Masked booby Locally common Kermadecs
Great cormorant (Black shag) Common Common
Pied cormorant Locally common Common
Little black cormorant Locally common Common
Little shag Common Common
Stewart Island shag Locally common Stewart Island, Dunedin
King shag 800 Rare Marlborough Sounds
Chatham Island shag Locally common Chatham Island
Bounty Island shag Locally common Bounty Island
Auckland Island shag Locally common Auckland Island
Campbell Island shag Locally common Campbell Island
Macquarie Island shag Locally common Macquarie Island
Spotted shag Locally common Coromandel, Cook Strait, Matingarahi
Pitt Island shag Locally common Pitt Island
Darter (anhinga) Vagrant (1 NZ record in the 1800’s)
Great frigatebird Vagrant
Lesser frigatebird Vagrant
White-faced Heron Common Common
Little egret Uncommon Haumoana near Napier
Eastern Reef Heron Uncommon Northern coastline, Wellington south coast
White-necked (Pacific) heron Vagrant
White heron (Great Egret) 140 Uncommon Okarito.  Winter: Lake Ellesmere, Miranda, Foxton estuary
Intermediate (Plumed) egret Vagrant
Eastern Cattle egret Locally common Waikato, Whangaehu, Foxton estuary, Lake Horowhenua
Nankeen night heron 45 Rare Whanganui River
Australasian bittern Rare Whangamarino swamp
Little bittern Vagrant
Glossy ibis Rare/vagrant Wairua oxidation ponds; Travis wetland, Foxton estuary; Little Waihi. Being seen in NZ in greater numbers, has now bred.
Straw Necked Ibis Vagrant (1 NZ record)
Australian white ibis Vagrant
Royal spoonbill Locally common Wairau lagoon, Kapiti Island, Waikanae, Manukau walkay, Miranda, Unahi
Yellow-billed spoonbill Vagrant
Plumed whistling-duck Vagrant Pair in Anderson Park, Napier
Mute swan Rare Hawkes Bay, Lake Ellesmere
Black swan Common Common
Feral (greylag) goose Common Common
Swan (African) goose Locally common Domestic, Foxton pond off Palmer Road
Canada goose Common Common
Cape Barren goose Rare St Annes lagoon near Cheviot
Chestnut Breasted shelduck Rare NE SI, Lake Ellesmere, Miranda
Paradise shelduck Common Common
Australian wood (maned) duck Vagrant/rare native  A pair has bred at Motueka near Nelson.
Blue duck 1,100 Uncommon W SI, Central NI, Ruatiti Domain. Turangi river near SH1 bridge.
Mallard Common Common
Grey Duck (Pacific Black Duck) Uncommon (Most are Mallard/Grey Duck hybrids)
Grey teal Common Otaki oxidation ponds, Mangere sewerage ponds, Lake Alexandrina
Chestnut teal Vagrant
Brown teal 1,300 Rare Waikanae, Karori sanctuary, Whangapoua estuary, Teal Bay and Mimiwhangata, Tiritiri Matangi, Miranda
Auckland Island teal Rare (Auckland Island)
Campbell Island teal Rare (Campbell Island)
Australasian shoveler Common Otaki oxidation ponds, Mangere sewerage ponds
Northern shoveler Vagrant
Northern pintail Vagrant
Muscovy Duck Locally common Domestic
Pekin Duck Locally common Domestic
Pink-eared Duck Vagrant
White-eyed duck (Hardhead) Vagrant
NZ Scaup Uncommon Waikanae lagoons, Western Springs, south end Lake Taupo
Black kite Vagrant Renwick, Blenheim
Swamp (Australasian) harrier Common Common
White bellied sea eagle Vagrant (? any NZ records)
New Zealand falcon Uncommon Boundary Island (south of King Country-BoP in NI, all SI)
Black falcon Vagrant (1 NZ record)
Nakeen (Australaian) kestrel Vagrant
Chukor Locally common SI hill country, Hawkes Bay, Mt John (Lake Tekapo)
Red-legged partridge Rare SI hill country, Hawkes Bay, Pirongia
Grey partridge Extinct Invercargill
Brown quail Locally common Northland including Tiritiri Matangi, Mangawhai
Feral chicken (red junglefowl) Locally common Kerikeri, Lake Horowhenua
Common (ring-necked) pheasant Common Mainly NI
Golden pheasant Rare Aroha Island, Kerikeri, Akaroa peninsula
Indian peafowl (peacock) Uncommon Northland, Hawkes Bay, Whanganui river
Wild turkey Locally common NI
California quail Common Widespread
Northern bobwhite Extinct Previously Hawkes Bay, Invercargill
Helmeted (Tufted) guineafowl Rare Northland, Waikato, Wanganui
Weka Locally common Gisborne, NW SI, Kawau, Kawakawa Bay
Buff-banded (banded) rail Locally common Northland, northern SI, Great Barrier Island, Aroha Island , Miranda, Bay of Plenty
Auckland Island rail Locally common Auckland Is
Baillon’s (marsh) crake Locally common SI marshes, Coopers lagoon near Lake Ellesmere
Spotless crake Locally common NI marshes, Rotokura (Ohakune), Pukepuke lagoon (Manawatu), Tiritiri Matangi Island
Pukeko (purple swamphen) Common
South Island Takahe 280 Rare Tiritiri Matangi, Kapiti Island, Mt Bruce, Karori Sanctuary
Dusky moorhen Vagrant
Black-tailed native-hen Vagrant
Australian coot Locally common Chelsea Ponds, Western Springs, Lake Tutira
Latham’s (Japanese) snipe Vagrant
Chatham Island snipe Locally common Chatham Is
Snares Island snipe Locally common Snares Is
Iredale’s (Stewart Island) snipe Extinct
Sub-antarctic snipe Locally common Auckland & Antipodes Islands
Black-tailed godwit Vagrant
Hudsonian godwit Vagrant Miranda
Eastern Bar-tailed godwit Common Miranda, Foxton Estuary, Manukau and Kaipara harbours, Kawakawa Bay, Mangawhai
Little whimbrel Vagrant
Whimbrel Uncommon Thames, Farewell Spit, Ohiwa harbour
Bristle-thighed curlew Vagrant
Eastern curlew Uncommon Thames, Farewell Spit, Miranda, Kaipara harbour
Upland sandpiper Vagrant
Marsh sandpiper Uncommon Lake Grassmere
Common greenshank Uncommon
Lesser yellowlegs Vagrant
Terek sandpiper Uncommon  Lake Ellesmere
Common sandpiper Vagrant
Grey-tailed (Siberian) tattler Uncommon Ahuriri Estuary, Ashley River mouth
Wandering tattler Uncommon
Ruddy turnstone Common Miranda, Foxton Estuary, Kaikoura, Mangawhai
Asian dowitcher Vagrant
Great knot Vagrant
Red (lesser) knot Common Miranda, Foxton Estuary
Sanderling Vagrant
Western sandpiper Vagrant
Little stint Vagrant (Lake Ellesmere)
Red-necked stint Common Miranda, Lake Ellesmere, Birdlings flat
Long-toed stint Vagrant
White-rumped sandpiper Vagrant
Baird’s sandpiper Vagrant
Pectoral sandpiper Vagrant Lake Ellesmere
Sharp-tailed sandpiper
50
Uncommon Miranda, Lake Ellesmere
Dunlin Vagrant
Curlew sandpiper
50
Uncommon Miranda, Foxton Estuary
Least sandpiper Vagrant (Possible NZ record)
Semi-palmated sandpiper Vagrant (1 NZ record Big Sand island)
Stilt sandpiper Vagrant
Buff-breasted sandpiper Vagrant (1 NZ record, Kaipara)
Broad-billed sandpiper Vagrant
Ruff Vagrant  (Maketu)
Wilson’s phalarope Vagrant  4 NZ records (all non-breeding plumage)
Red-necked phalarope Vagrant
Grey (red) phalarope Vagrant
Painted snipe Vagrant
South Island oystercatcher Common Widespread, Foxton estuary, Miranda, Farewell Spit
Variable oystercatcher Uncommon Widespread, Petone beach
Chatham Island oystercatcher 350 Rare Chatham Island
Pied stilt Common Common
Black stilt
80
Rare MacKenzie basin, Ashley river mouth
Red-necked avocet Vagrant
Pacific golden plover Common Miranda, Foxton estuary
American golden plover Vagrant
Grey plover Vagrant (Mangere, Big Sand Island)
New Zealand plover (dotterel) 1,500 Uncommon Northern NZ, Bay of Plenty beaches
Ringed plover Vagrant
Semi-palmated plover Vagrant (One seen at Mangere)
Red-capped dotterel Vagrant
Banded dotterel Common Waikanae, Lake Wairarapa
Auckland Island banded dotterel Locally common
Lesser sand (Mongolian) plover Vagrant
Greater sand plover Vagrant
Oriental plover Vagrant
Black-fronted dotterel Locally common Lower NI, SI east coast, Mangere-Puketutu causeway, Otaki oxidation ponds, north end Lake Wairarapa
Red-kneed dotterel Vagrant
Shore plover 250 Rare South East Is (Chathams)
Wrybill 7,500 Locally common Foxton Beach, Miranda, Manukau harbour
Masked lapwing (spur-winged plover) Common Common
Oriental pratinole Vagrant
Brown skua Locally common Southern oceans, Stewart Island
South Polar skua Locally common Antarctica
Pomarine jaeger Vagrant Manawatu estuary
Parasitic jaeger (Arctic skua) Common Cook Strait, between mainland and Mana Island (summer)
Long-tailed jaeger Vagrant
Southern Black-backed gull Common Common
Pacific Gull Vagrant (Possible NZ record)
Red-billed gull Common Common
Black-billed gull Common Henley lake, Ahuriri, Lake Ellesmere, McKenzie Basin, Aspiring national park, Miranda, Rotorua
Franklin’s gull Vagrant
Gull-billed tern Vagrant  Lake Ellesmere
Caspian tern Uncommon Common
Crested tern Vagrant
White-fronted tern Common Common
Eastern Common tern Vagrant Foxton estuary
Arctic tern Vagrant Stewart Island
Antarctic tern Locally common Antarctic islands
Eastern Little tern Uncommon Miranda, Foxton, Otaki beach
NZ Fairy tern 42 Rare Mangawhai, Waipu, Kaipara harbour
Sooty tern Locally common Kermadecs
Grey backed tern Vagrant (2 NZ records)
Bridled tern Vagrant
Black-fronted tern Uncommon Ashley river, Wairau river, Cook Strait
Whiskered tern Vagrant
White-winged black tern Uncommon  Lake Ellesmere, Nelson
Common (brown) noddy Rare Kermadecs
Black noddy (white capped noddy) Locally common Kermadecs
Grey ternlet (grey noddy) Locally common Kermadec Is; Mokohinau rocks
White tern Rare Kermadec Is
NZ pigeon Common eg Otari-Wilton bush, Kapiti Island
Chatham Island pigeon Locally common Chatham Island
Rock (feral) pigeon Common Common
African (Barbary) collared-dove 500 Rare South Auckland, Puketutu, Mangawhai
Spotted dove Uncommon Greater Auckland area including Whenuapai; Opotiki, Whakatane
Australian Crested pigeon  50 Rare Christchurch city, Kerikeri
Galah  200 Rare Ponui Island, Mangatawhiri (winter only)
Sulphur-crested cockatoo 500 Uncommon Waikato, Turakina, Kapiti coast, Waitakere’s, Nikau Valley Paraparaumu
Kakapo 135 Very rare Fiordland, Codfish Island
NZ kaka Locally common Karori sanctuary, Kapiti Island, Nelson Lakes, Greater Auckland area
Kea 5,000 Locally common Arthurs Pass
Scaly breasted Lorikeet Vagrant (2 North Shore, Auckland)
Crimson rosella 0 Extinct Once in Wellington botanic gardens
Eastern rosella Locally common Karori cemetery, Takapua Road, greater Auckland area
Red-crowned parakeet Locally common Somes Island, Kapiti Island, Tiritiri Matangi, Motuhie, Little Barrier
Hochstetter’s/Reischek’s parakeet Locally common Antipodes Island
Yellow-crowned parakeet Locally common Forests, Mana Island
Orange-fronted parakeet 200 Rare Hurunui, Hawdon, Poulter valleys; Maud Is, Blumine Is
Forbes parakeet 500 Locally common Chatham Islands
Antipodes parakeet Locally common Subantarctic islands
Oriental cuckoo Vagrant
Pallid cuckoo Vagrant
Fan-tailed cuckoo Vagrant
Shining bronze-cuckoo Common Karori sanctuary
Common koel Vagrant
Long-tailed cuckoo Locally common Boundary Stream, Pureora, Great Barrier, Little Barrier, Ureweras
Channel-billed cuckoo Vagrant
Morepork Common Common, Kiriwhakapapa, Owlcatraz Shannon
Little owl Locally common South Island
Barn owl
30
Rare native Kaitaia (resident pair)
White-throated needletail Vagrant
Fork-tailed swift Vagrant
Laughing kookaburra Rare Orewa, Matakana, Whangarei
Sacred kingfisher Common Common; Wairarapa
Dollarbird Vagrant
Rifleman Locally common Bell Rock, Boundary Island reserve
Stead’s bush wren 0 Extinct Extinct
Rock (South Island) wren 5,000 Uncommon Homer Tunnel; Otira valley Arthurs Pass
Skylark Common Common
Welcome swallow Common Common
Tree martin Vagrant
Fairy martin Vagrant
Australian reed warbler Vagrant
New Zealand Pipit Uncommon Open country; Wellington south coast, Auckland west coast beaches
Chatham Island Pipit Locally common Chatham Island
Sub-antarctic pipit Locally common Subantarctic Islands
Black-faced cuckoo-shrike Vagrant
White-winged Triller Vagrant
Red-vented bulbul 0 Extinct Previously Auckland gardens
Dunnock Common Common (not round Auckland region)
Common blackbird Common Common
Song Thrush Common Common
New Zealand Fernbird Locally common Central NI, Tokaanu wharf, Nukuhou marshland
Whitehead Locally common Tiritiri Matangi, Waitakere cascades, Kapiti Island, Mt Bruce
Yellowhead Rare Fiordland, Ulva Island, Arthurs Pass, Catlins River Walk, Double Barrel Track at the old Routeburn shelter
NZ Brown Creeper Locally common SI bush
Grey warbler Common Common
Chatham Island warbler Locally common Chatham Is
Black-faced monarch Vagrant
Satin flycatcher Vagrant
Grey fantail Common Common.  Black phase only in South Island.
Willie wagtail Vagrant
Tomtit Common Mangaone, Arthurs Pass, Kiriwhakapapa, Waitakere cascades, volcanic plateau
NI Robin Uncommon Karori Sanctuary, Pureora, Motuara Is, Ark in the Park, Wenderholm, Tiritiri Matangi
SI Robin Uncommon Okarito, Stewart Island, Ulva Island, Kaikoura
Chatham Island Black Robin 250 Rare Chathams Is (Mangere and South East Is)
Silvereye (waxeye) Common Common
Stitchbird 3,000 Rare Karori Sanctuary, Kapiti Island, Tiritiri Matangi
NZ Bellbird Common
Tui Common Common
Yellowhammer Common Common
Cirl bunting Uncommon Kaikoura, Blenheim, Halswell Quarry Christchurch
Chaffinch Common Common
Greenfinch Common Common
Goldfinch Common Common
Redpoll Common Common (not round Auckland region)
House sparrow Common Common
Starling Common Common
Common Myna Locally common Common north of Wanganui
North Island Kokako 1,750 Rare Kapiti Island, Pureora, Mt Bruce, Tititiri Matangi, Ark in the Park
South Island Kokako 0 Extinct Probably extinct
NI Saddleback 3,600 Rare Karori Sanctuary, Kapiti Island, Tiritiri Matangi, Motuhie
SI Saddleback
3,600
Rare Ulva Island, Motuara Island
Masked woodswallow Vagrant
White-browed woodswallow Vagrant
Australian magpie Common Common
Rook 35,000 Locally common Hawkes Bay, Wairarapa near Eketahuna, Miranda
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